Web site of Austrian Lysimeter Research Group

Operated by: Forschungsanstalt Agroscope Reckenholz-Tänikon ART
CH-8046 Zürich
Contact: Volker Prasuhn
Phone: +41 1 377 71 45
Fax: +41 1 377 72 01
http://www.art.admin.ch; http://www.art.admin.ch/themen/00544/00813/

  Description of facility
(466 KB, in German):
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Bern-Liebefeld - cellarFacility Bern-Liebefeld

Bern-Liebefeld (CH 2)
Purpose of this facility Nutrient leaching (mainly nitrate)
Operating since 1982
if inactivated: year of inactivation 17 vessels in 1990; 20 vessels in 2008
Number of lysimeters 64
Size classification standard
Exact size 1.13 m diameter, 1.5 m depth, cylindrical
Building material of container Glass fibre reinforced polyester
Feature of lysimeter bottom Sand and gravel filter layer
Lysimeter cellar (material) Concrete
Weighing equipment 3 vessels weighable
Seepage water determination Gravimetric
Nutrients/nutrient balances N; also balances: fertilization and crop offtake
Measuring interval(s) of substances monthly
Soil fraction(s) Sandy loam
Soil type Luvisol
Soil thickness in m 1.4
Vegetation and cultivation Arable crops
Server, data base yes
Further investigation/equipment Yield and nutrient content of plants; tipping buckets for
determination of seepage water
Used model/goal of investigation lysimeter data serves as basic data for the nutrient flow
model MODIFFUS (determination of diffusive N losses on a
meso-scale level)
Position 598 610 / 197 470
Altitude above sea level in m 560
Mean annual temperature in °C 8.0
Mean annual precipitation in mm 1028
Topographic feature Plane surface in a settlement area
Parent material Ground moraine
Kind of crop/tree Extensive meadow (3 vessels); reed (2 v)
Crop rotation and for which period Silage maize - winter wheat + catch crop - sugar beet -
winter wheat + catch crop - field peas - winter barley -
grass-clover ley (7 years)
Ground cultivation conventional; 6 vessels with direct drilling
Used fertilizer/manure organic-mineral
Amount of fertilizer(s) used in kg/ha according to guidelines for arable and grassland farming 2001
Fertilization period March-July
Use of pesticide yes
Meteorological parameters Temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, global radiation
Future developments Facility will be closed in 2009 and replaced by a new one
in Zürich-Reckenholz
Year of survey 2004/2008
(last update: July 25, 2008)